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There are two main types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2.

Type 1 diabetes is the less common type of diabetes. It’s where the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells that are used to produce insulin. This causes there to be no insulin produced at all, which means blood glucose levels can get extremely high which can seriously harm the body’s organs.

This type of diabetes can occur because of genetics, however there are other triggers which are unknown. It is sometimes referred to as early onset diabetes as it usually develops before the age of 40.

If you have this type of diabetes, you’ll need insulin injections for the rest of your life.

 

Type 2 diabetes is where the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or the insulin produced doesn’t react well to the body’s cells.

This type of diabetes is most common in older people and is often referred to as maturity onset diabetes. It is also often associated with obesity.

This type of diabetes can be managed by leading a healthy lifestyle through diet and exercise and regularly monitoring blood glucose levels. Some patients may also be required to take medication in order to prevent their condition from getting worse.

If you are diagnosed with prediabetes, this is when blood sugar levels are higher than the normal range, but not high enough to be diagnosed with having type 1 or type 2 diabetes.

Depending on the type of diabetes you have, there are many ways which you are required to help manage and control it. Similarly, if you have been diagnosed with prediabetes, then there are ways in which you can help prevent being diagnosed with diabetes.

  • Healthy balanced diet. Aim to eat the recommended intake of 5x fruit and vegetables each day and choose foods that are lower in calories, saturated fats, trans sugar, sugar and salt. Foods with more fiber such as whole grains, cereals and pasta are ones to choose.


  • Exercising regularly – at least 30 minutes a day or longer if you require for weight control.


  • Avoiding things like smoking which are not helpful when managing diabetes.


  • Regularly monitor blood glucose levels before and after eating. Remember to record what your levels are each time. Glucozen has the option to save your results which is a more convenient and easy way of doing it. However some people may choose to record their results in a diary format.

Diabetes is becoming an increasingly common life-long health condition, with 3.5 million people diagnosed with it in the UK alone. This number is expected to continue to rise heavily over the next few years.

 

Diabetes occurs because the pancreas (an organ behind the stomach) either doesn’t produce enough insulin, doesn’t produce any at all, or the insulin that is produced doesn’t work properly.

 

The purpose of insulin in the bloodstream, is to control the amount of sugar (glucose) in the body after a person has eaten. Therefore if the insulin isn’t working properly, then your blood sugar will become too high for the body to cope with.

 

Many more people have blood sugar levels above the normal range, but not high enough to be diagnosed as having diabetes. This is known as prediabetes.

 

Please visit the links below for more information on Diabetes or speak to your local healthcare professional.

 

http://www.diabetes.co.uk/

 

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/diabetes/pages/diabetes.aspx

 

https://www.diabetes.org.uk/

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